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I need 2 replys one to each post 250 words each Discussion Replies Use the foll
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I need 2 replys one to each post 250 words each
Use the following headings:
o A Discussion of findings from the research on the other student’s thread. For
example, compare the research you found on the topic to what the original poster
noted in the discussion.
Integrate a minimum of one biblical principle that relates to one or more of your
concepts. Listing a Bible verse alone is unacceptable. Provide a verse or biblical
principle and elaborate how it relates to your topic and today’s current culture. Only
scripture from the Bible’s Old and New Testaments are allowed. Other sacred texts
should not be used for the purposes of biblical integration in this course.
References – 1 total
o 1 scholarly/peer-reviewed reference from the Jerry Falwell Library that has not been
previously used by another post to the assignment, or in one of the other discussion
Discussion 1 Halei Sanders
MondayAug 22 at 7:30pm
Leadership and management are two related, yet uniquely different in nature, subjects. One can be both a leader and a manager or can be one or the other. Since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution management has been at the forefront of business control hierarchies, yet in the twenty-first century there has been a new emphasis on leadership to obtain the best output.
Management: management skills are a vital part of the prosperous running of a business. Managers function from a position of power and motivate through control. Managers can be autocratic dictators running their work crews with an iron fist of threats and punishment, or they can have a softer touch, having decisions be more democratic and motivate workers with rewards and praise(Satterlee, 2018). In either case, managers must maintain a certain level of professional distance from their subordinates in order to sustain the power structure that allows them to do their job. Managers make decisions and disseminate information to their subordinates creating a top-down structure. Managers are often called upon to make difficult decisions and the professional distance created can serve to ease the difficulty of such decisions and make the pursuant actions bearable (such as the laying off of a valued employee).
Leadership: leadership qualities can elicit greater returns from a workforce if the leader is effective. A leader motivates from within or behind a workforce. They are integrated with their followers, giving the followers a sense of camaraderie with their leader further solidifying their connection to him or her. Leaders may have no official position of power over any of their followers but become established by the expression of strong leadership traits and their ability to sell followers on a shared vision. Leaders do not tell others what to do so much as they motivate them towards a goal and the follower takes the necessary steps to reach it(Satterlee, 2018). Leaders give. They give of themselves to their followers, making them often seem selfless. Leaders give while managers take (Benzel, 2021). There is an often-circulated image of the difference between leaders and managers that traverses the Internet, it depicts a manager either sitting at a desk set atop a block being pulled along by workers or standing behind the block directing the workers to pull, while the image of the leader shows them standing in the front and pulling the block with all the others, indistinguishable in their effort from their followers. Because managers do not elicit effort on behalf of their workers through inspiration, they have no choice but to take said effort by virtue of positional power (Benzel, 2021).
Twentieth vs twenty-first century hierarchal structures: what management style is most effective. In a multitude of ways, the difference between twentieth and twenty-first century management schools of thought mirrors the difference between management and leadership. Twentieth century management saw workers as part of the industrial machine. The goal was to maximize shareholder return and thus everything hinged upon ROI. Innovation and individuality had yet to attain favor as assets, workers were resources that require diligent management. Effort was put into ensuring that the overall system was as efficient as possible(Denning, 2020), even down to the very motions of the body (Satterlee, 2018). Twenty-first century management began to look more closely at the people, acknowledging them as individuals with strengths and weaknesses. Firms began to put trust in their workforce, seeking to elicit high quality work through motivation and inspiration like how leaders do. They ceased to view their workforce through Theory X and began to see them through Theory Y (Satterlee, 2018). Innovation and individuality became assets and the overall goal moved away from shareholder return to customer creation (Denning, 2020).
The self-giving, selfless nature of a leader mentioned above is especially true of Christian leadership where leaders seek to emulate the complete self-giving, sacrificial nature of Christ in their efforts to motivate and empower their followers. One of the foremost qualities that followers look for in a leader is honesty, and as Christ (our Leader) is the Way, the Truth, and the Life(English Standard Version, 2001, Jn. 14:6) the Christian leader should embody trustworthiness in all they say and do (Jones et al, 2018). Christians have a calling to embody Christ in the world, letting their very lives be their testimony to the truth(English Standard Version, 2001, 2 Cor. 1:12) that Jesus redeems, and all can be made new(English Standard Version, 2001, Gal. 2:20). Christians have a duty to be leaders for Christ everywhere they go, even in the workplace, leading the lost to Christ(English Standard Version, 2001, Mat. 28:16-20), but with the indwelling Holy Spirit they possess the ability to be leaders in general as well, and in being good leaders in their workplace they live out the characteristics of Jesus for all to see.
o Benzel, E. (2021, August). Leadership. World Neurosurgery, 152, xvii. doi:10.1016/j.wneu.2021.06.001
Denning, S. (2020). The challenge: 20th century vs. 21st century management. Strategy & Leadership, 48(6), 11-19. doi:10.1108/SL-10-2020-0127
English standard version bible. (2001). Crossway Bibles.
Jones, J., Murray, S., & Warren, K. (2018). Christian leadership in a secular world. The Journal of Applied Christian Leadership, 12(2), 90-107. https://www-proquest-com.ezproxy.liberty.edu/docview/2414852879?pq-origsite=summon
Satterlee, A. (2018). Principles of management and leadership: A Christian perspective. McGraw-Hill Education.
WednesdayAug 24 at 11:09pm
Management and Leadership
Managers play a huge role at all levels of an organization. Therefore, it is important to understand what makes a good manager and understand the different roles managers play. Managers must learn to adopt skillsets needed to be effective and increase productivity in their teams. Strong leaders will have followership of which all five dimensions of trust are involved. As management has changed over time, several theories have been developed to explain the best leadership styles and best ways to drive employee engagement to increase productivity.
Concept 1: Managerial and Leadership Differences
Managers and leaders are not one in the same. While it is important for managers to act as leaders, leadership is a unique skill that requires copying with change (Satterlee, 2018). Author Deepa Anbu agreed that there is a difference between the two and described managers as someone who has the persistence, mind, and rational to perform managerial tasks while leaders were described as individuals who innovate, inspire, and motivate (Anbu, 2018). It is important to understand the difference between the two to identify when a manager is needed and when a leader is needed and be able to hire the appropriate person based on the skill set required for the job. In many cases, a good manager will also posses’ leadership skills.
Concept 2: Effective Management
Once someone lands the roll of manager, it is important for them to understand the characteristics needed to be effective. As mentioned earlier, many of these characteristics require leadership skills. For example, a good manager can build positive relationships and trust with there team, motivate, adapt to change, communicate effectively, have high self-esteem, and have high self-efficacy (Satterlee, 2018). It is important to understand what it takes to be an effective leader because effective leadership generates greater performance (“Can Universal leadership,”2020). Management theories have also evolved over the years and have tried to explain the most effective styles of management along with the most effective ways to motivate team members. While each theory has its place, it is important to note that no one theory is the answer, and each person is unique in their managerial styles. Therefore, the most important thing a manager can do is act as a leader and build trust and respect from there team.
Concept 3: Organizational Levels
Managers exist at all levels of an organization, and it is important to understand which level a manager falls under, as tasks differ depending on the level of management. Top managers are usually identified as strategic managers because their responsibility is to assist the organization in meeting its overall mission and vision (Satterlee, 2018). Middle Managers are referred to as Tactical managers because they work with their teams to figure out how to execute the vision or goals set forth by top level management (Satterlee, 2018). Lastly, Operational managers work to ensure the day-to-day operations are executed effectively and efficiently (Satterlee, 2018). Organizational levels are important for any business owner to understand because it allows for the division of work and creates a chain of commanded needed to ensure the work is accomplished.
Maslow’s Theory of Hierarchy Needs can be compared to the Bible story in the book of Matthew, when Jesus was ministering to his Disciples on the mountainside. This theory assumes humans have basic needs and these needs must be met (AliceAnn, 2020). When these basic needs are met, individuals will be able to reach self-actualization and transcendence (AliceAnn, 2020). If they are not met, one may go into a depression (AliceAnn, 2020). In Matthew 5-7, Jesus confirms that humans do have needs and assures us he will take care of them. Jesus also lists a series of laws or choices we can make in our lives and those who follow will be wise and transcend. Matthew 7:24-25 “Therefore everyone who hears these words of mine and puts them into practice is like a wise man who built his house on the rock. The rain came down, the streams rose, and the winds blew and beat against that house; yet it did not fall, because it had its foundation on the rock” (New King James Version, 1986/2022). There is no doubt that humans have innate needs, but Jesus is the only one who can meet all those needs and give us the fulfilling life we all desire. The best way to transcend it threw the power of Jesus.
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